Kim Stanley Robinson is an American science fiction writer, whose work has been hailed “the gold-standard of realistic, and highly literary, science-fiction writing” (The Atlantic). He is best known for his Mars trilogy, which imagines the colonization and terraformation of Mars in the face of overpopulation and ecological disaster on Earth. The books, Red Mars (1993), Green Mars (1994) and Blue Mars (1996), were followed by a collection of short stories titled The Martians (1999). Robinson’s books have won a number of science fiction awards, including the Hugo Award (1994, 1997) and the Nebula Award (1993, 2012).
Robinson explores questions that are pertinent in contemporary society and politics, such as climate change, ecological disaster, natural preservation and sustainability, alternatives to capitalism, the growing influence of transnational corporations, genetic engineering and the responsibilities of scientists. In 2008 he was named a “Hero of the Environment” by Time magazine.
Robinson’s book 2312, published in 2012, is set 300 years into the future, when humanity has colonized the entire Solar System. It begins in a city on Mercury, which is later destroyed by an artificial asteroid. In his latest novel, Aurora (2015), Robinson explores humanity’s first voyage beyond the Solar System.